Marilyn Anne Ray, RN, BSN, MSN, MA, PhD, CTN-A, FSfAA, FAAN, FESPCH (hon) is Professor Emeritus at Florida Atlantic University, Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing, Boca Raton, Florida, USA. She holds a diploma in Nursing from St. Joseph Hospital, Hamilton, Canada; Bachelor and Master of Science degrees in Nursing from the University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado; Master of Arts, in Cultural Anthropology from McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada; a Doctor of Philosophy in Transcultural Nursing from the University of Utah College of Nursing, Salt Lake City, Utah; and an honorary degree from Nevada State College, Henderson, Nevada. Ray has held faculty positions at the University of San Francisco, University of California San Francisco, McMaster University, the University of Colorado, and the Eminent Scholar positions at Florida Atlantic University and Virginia Commonwealth University, and Professorial and Professor Emeritus positions at Florida Atlantic University. In addition, Ray attended Ethics Courses at Georgetown University in Washington, DC, and studied with the theoretical physicist, Dr. F. David Peat on Complexity Science at the Pari Center for New Learning in Pari, Italy. Ray is a Fellow of the Society for Applied Anthropology (FSfAA), and is a Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing (FAAN). She is certified as an Advanced Transcultural Nurse (CTN-A), and was awarded the position of a Transcultural Nursing Scholar from the Transcultural Nursing Society. For 32 years, Ray served in the United States Air Force Nurse Corps (USAF) in the field of aerospace nursing– flight nursing (during the Vietnam war), administration, practice, education, and research at the School of Aerospace Medicine. She retired in 1999 as a Colonel and is a Veteran of military conflicts. She attended a program in space education at the Marshall Space Center in Huntsville, Alabama in preparation for the potential role of “nurses in space.” Ray is featured in Who’s Who in America and Who’s Who in the World. Ray has researched, presented and published nationally and internationally on the subjects of the philosophy of caring, caring science, holistic nursing, transcultural caring in nursing and health care, technological caring, economic caring, and caring ethics in complex organizations, primarily hospitals. In 1981, Ray discovered the Theory of Bureaucratic Caring (1981, 1984, 1989, 2004, 2007, 2010, 2014, 2015, 2017) via research in organizational cultures, and with Turkel, the Theory of Relational Caring Complexity (2000, 2001, 2012, 2014). She also advanced the model and Theory of Transcultural Caring Dynamics in Nursing and Health Care (2010, 2016) within her book of the same name. Her Theory of Bureaucratic Caring is being used widely nationally and internationally, and especially now as a framework in the USAF Medical Service under the leadership of Major General Dorothy Hogg and Colonel Marcia Potter for the development of an interdisciplinary, inter-professional practice model, and the Veterans’ Administration in Colorado and Wisconsin in nursing education under the leadership of Dr. Dana Lusk. Ray is a charter member and currently serves on the By-Laws Committee of the International Association for Human Caring (IAHC). Ray’s books include, The ethics of care and the ethics of cure: Synthesis in chronicity (with Jean Watson), A study of caring within an institutional culture: The discovery of the Theory of Bureaucratic Caring; Transcultural caring dynamics in nursing and health care [1st and 2nd editions]; and with her colleagues, Alice Davidson and Marian Turkel, Nursing, caring, and complexity science: For human-environment well-being (2011, American Journal of Nursing, Book of the Year Award for Professional Development and Trends). Ray also serves on the boards of the Global Qualitative Nursing Research (on line journal), Qualitative Health Research, and the Journal of Art and Aesthetics in Nursing and Health Sciences., She is a reviewer for the International Nursing Review, journal the International Council of Nurses, Journal of Transcultural Nursing, Nursing Outlook and Nursing Inquiry. She is a Board Member and Chair of the Faculty Development and Learning Partnerships Committee of the Anne Boykin Institute (ABI) for the Study of Caring Science in Nursing. As a FAAN, Ray serves on the Theory-Guided Practice Expert Panel of the American Academy of Nursing. She was elected to and awarded the prestigious, Honorary Distinguished Fellowship of the European Society for Person-Centered Healthcare (ESPCH) in London, United Kingdom, in 2016. Her Archives of Caring collection are housed at the Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University.
2012-2015 Board Member, International Association for Human Caring, www.humancaring.org
2011 Board Member, Qualitative Health Research Journal, University of Utah, College of Nursing, Salt Lake City, Utah (Dr. Janice Morse, Editor).
2010 Finalist for the International Award for Excellence:Creating Caring Organizations and Cultures through Communitarian Ethics. Journal of the World Universities Forum, 3(5), 41-52.
2008 Lifetime Achievement Award, Life Time Member, International Association for Human Caring, University of North Carolina, Raleigh/Durham, North Carolina, May 2008.
2007 Distinguished Alumna Award, University of Utah, College of Nursing, Salt Lake City, Utah, May 3, 2007.
2005, Honorary Degree, Nevada State College, Henderson, Nevada, May 2005 (First Honorary Degree awarded at Nevada State College).
Who’s Who in the World. 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015. Marquis Who’s Who, New Providence, New Jersey.
Cambridge Who’s Who of Executive Women and Nursing and Health Care, Selected 2007. New York, New York.
Who’s Who in American Nursing, 1990, 1991, 1996, 2007, 2008. Marquis Who’s Who, New Providence, New Jersey.
Who’s Who in America, Selected for 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015. Marquis Who’s Who, New Providence, New Jersey.
Who’s Who in American Education, 2006, 2007-2008. Marquis Who’s Who, New Providence, New Jersey.
Who’s Who in Medicine and Healthcare, 2008-2009, 2009-2010. Marquis Who’s Who, New Providence, New Jersey.
2005 Research Award for Excellence in Research at Florida Atlantic University from Dr. Lemanski, VP of Research, Department of Sponsored Research, Florida Atlantic University, 2005
2005 Transcultural Nursing Scholar. The International Transcultural Nursing Society. Awarded at Baruch College, New York City, October 2005.
Fellow 2005 1989, Applied Anthropological Association of the American Anthropology Association, June 1989. Sustaining Fellow, 2005.
Research Consultant Recognition for Service Award: Holy Cross Hospital, Nursing Research Council, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida 2002-2004, Awarded December 2004.
Distinguished Teacher of the Year, Academic Year 1999-2000, College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida, awarded March 2000.
Selected participant in the annual Martha E. Rogers Center for the Study of Nursing Science, DIALOGUE ’99. New York University, New York, participated June 1999.
Selected participant in the annual Martha E. Rogers Center for the Study of Nursing Science, DIALOGUE ’97. New York University, New York, participated May 1997.
Granted Sabbatical Leave, Florida Atlantic University, granted for the Academic Year 1997-98.
Selected participant in the Professional Development Seminar in Israel sponsored by the College Consortium For International Studies, Israel/Jordan/Palestine, participated May 9 -18, 1996.
Selected participant in the first Martha E. Rogers Center for the Study of Nursing Science, DIALOGUE ’95. New York University, New York, participated June 1995.
Named in the Registry of Phenomenologists, The Encyclopedia of Phenomenology. (p. 500) Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, selected May 1995. (Published, 1997)
Research Award, Iota Xi Chapter, Sigma Theta Tau International, Honor Society of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida, awarded April 1995.
Poster Session Finalist, 33rd Biennial Convention, Sigma Theta Tau International, Honor Society of Nursing, Detroit, Michigan, November 1995.
Who’s Who Among Human Services Professionals, 1992-93. The National Reference Institute, Wilmette, Illinois.
Certificate of Recognition in Recognition of Outstanding Service and Dedication to the Profession of Nursing, Florida Nurses’ Association, National and Florida Nurses Week, presented May 1993.
Nominated and Inducted as Member, The Honor Society of Phi Kappa Phi, Florida Atlantic University, Chapter 128, Boca Raton, Florida, April 1992.
Leininger Transcultural Nursing Award for Excellence in Transcultural Nursing, University of Limburg, Maastricht, The Netherlands, awarded August 1989.
Chancellor’s Teaching Recognition Award (Graduate School), University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado, awarded May 1987.
Best Research Paper (Phenomenological Research), Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing, selected 1987.
1986 Nightingale Award Nominee, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, School of Nursing, Denver, Colorado, May 1986.
Faculty Teaching Award, Nominated by Faculty of University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, School of Nursing, January 1986.
Veteran Partnership Liaison (Marilyn Ray, Colonel (Ret.), USAF NC: Caring-based Academic Partnerships in Excellence: Veteran RNs in Primary care (CAPE-V) HRSA Grant # U2VHP33062, 1. 5 million dollar award to Florida Atlantic University, The Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing, 2019 and on-going.
Ray, Marilyn, Colonel (Ret.), USAF NC: United States Air Force Interprofessional Practice Model Development for Medical Treatment Facilities (MTFs) Consultation requested by Dorothy Hogg, Lieutenant General, and Surgeon General of the United States Air Force, The Pentagon, Washington, DC. Scholarly work accomplished by MG Hogg’s Executive Team, under leadership of Colonel (Ret.) Deedra Zabokrtsky, DNP, NEA-BC, USAF Office of SG, and Colonel Marcia Potter, DNS, FNP, USAF, Nurse Corps using the Marilyn A. Ray’s Theory of Bureaucratic Caring as the cornerstone for development of the model for the USAF Interprofessional Practice Model, 2016 and on-going. Development of first Tri Service Joint Practice Model with the Defense Health Agency, based upon caring theories, with Theory of Bureaucratic Caring, 2019 and on-going.
Veterans Research, Florida Atlantic University and the University of Colorado, Committee Member Veterans Action League, 2016-2019.
Dr. Dana Lusk, DNP, RN, AHN-BC, VA Nurse Educator, Clement Zablocki, VA Medical Center and Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI applies Ray’s Theory of Bureaucratic Caring as a guide to study Nursing Education at the Veterans’ Administration Hospital, Milwaukee, WI, 2016 and on-going.
DNP Student of Regis University, Denver, Colorado, Dana Lusk, used Ray’s Theory of Bureaucratic Caring as a guide to study Nursing Education for new employees of the Veterans’ Administration Hospital, Denver, Colorado, June 2015.
DNP Graduate of Chamberlain University, Colonel Marcia Potter used Ray’s Theory of Bureaucratic Caring as a guide to study Nurse-Directed (BCT Nursing Theory) Primary Care in terms quality improvement in outcomes of health-healing, time, and economic resources for the United States Air Force, Joint-Base Andrews, Washington, DC, June 2015.
Women in Aviation: Celebrating 50 Years of Women in Space. International Women’s Air and Space Museum. Titusville, Florida (Space Coast, Florida). March 8 & 9, 2013.
Speaker: Contemplation of Peace-making and Peace-building. Memories of Hanoi, Vietnam, Hiroshima, Japan, Corregidor, The Philippines, Military Officers Association of the United States (MOAA), Holiday Inn, Highland Beach, Florida, March 2013.
Federal Nursing Service Essay Award, Association of Military Surgeons of the United States (AMSUS), Las Vegas, Nevada, November 8, 2000.
Certificate of Retirement as Colonel from the United States Air Force Reserve, Nurse Corps, Washington, D.C., issued February 6, 1999.
General’s Letter of Recognition for Outstanding Service and Contributions to the United States Air Force Nurse Corps, 1967-1999 awarded February 1999.
USAF Meritorious Service Medal (1st Oak Leaf Cluster) for Outstanding Research Activities at USAF School of Aerospace Medicine, Department of Aerospace Nursing, Brooks AFB, Texas, awarded 1997.
Recognition for Outstanding Contribution to the United States Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, Department of Aerospace Nursing, Qualitative Research Workshop, Brooks Air Force Base, Texas, presented July 1994.
USAF Meritorious Service Medal for Nursing Leadership at USAF Systems Command, Washington, D.C., Operation Desert Storm, Eglin AFB, Florida, awarded 1992.
USAF National Defense Service Medal (1st Bronze Star), Operation Desert Storm, Eglin AFB, Florida, authorized and awarded May 1991.
USAF Commendation Medal (1st Oak Leaf Cluster) for Nursing Education and Policy Development, HQARPC/SGPN, Denver, Colorado, HQAFSC/SG, Andrews AFB, D.C., awarded September 1989.
USAF Commendation Medal for the Development and Management of the USAF Reserve Continuing Education Program, and Personnel Administration, awarded 1984.
Military Consultant to USAF Surgeon General, Headquarters, Bolling AFB, D.C. for Nursing Research and Administration, 1984.
National Defense Service Medal, United States Air Force, Sheppard AFB, Texas, awarded March 1968.